arrowwood viburnum varieties

Likewise, if you wish to control their height, prune once per year after flowering is done. This plant is part of the honeysuckle family. vy-BER-num den-TAY-tum. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.Specific epithet means toothed for the toothed leaves.Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this species for arrow shafts, hence the common name. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The shrub produces a bluish-black drupe that matures in late summer and early fall. Viburnum Arrowwood Shrub. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. There is also a preventative approach that you can take to control viburnum leaf beetle if you are still in the plant-selection stage and have not yet chosen a particular type of viburnum to grow. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Lore. So consider growing a type that is Asian in origin; here are three that are listed as the most resistant to leaf beetles: Arrowwood viburnum shrubs are nothing if not versatile. For mapleleaf viburnum sports unusual pinkish fall foliage. Arrowwood is a native deciduous shrub that may grow 5 to 10 feet in height. Arrowwood Viburnum – Viburnum Dentatum is a Small, Temperate Environment Shrub. The common name says it all. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Leaves are opposite, simple, 1 to 4½ inches long, oval or rounded; coarsely toothed, strongly veined, with long leafstalks; dull … These two species are native to Kansas and produce abundant fruit that birds love. A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Viburnum dentatum Southern Arrowwood FAC Impatiens capensis Spotted Jewelweed FACW ... Woody Plants of Maryland. Mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), Snowball Bush viburnum (V. opulus 'Roseum'), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade. Other garden worthy forms are Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum ‘Blue Muffin’) and Leatherleaf Viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum ‘Allegheny’). The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It has white flowers which are borne in June, followed by clusters of blue-black berries and reddish-purple foliage in fall. Not highly ornamental, but exceedingly winter hardy, vigorous and reliable. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. The common name, "arrowwood" viburnum derives from the Native Americans' use of its strong, straight basal shoots as arrow shafts. But, depending on the cultivar you choose, you can find much more to like about Burkwood. Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. North Americans should consider them when seeking shrubs with good fall foliage color. In spring, small, white flowers mature in flat-topped clusters up to 4 inches wide. Arrowwood Virburnum is a rugged species that is native from Maine south to Florida and west to Iowa and Texas. Arrowwood makes an excellent, fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes. The southern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) has egg-shaped to round, coarse-toothed leaves and is distinguished from other arrowwoods by the velvety hairs on its twigs.On the ridges of the stream valley are trees more characteristic of drier areas, including the tulip tree (yellow poplar), mountain laurel, and Virginia or scrub pine. Vibrunum Dentatum shrubs are well known of being versatile. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Indeed, it is relatively rare in the English language to find a word that is less than ten letters in length yet has three sets of double letters, as is the case with a-r-r-o-w-w-o-o-d. Burkwood (8 to 10 feet tall, with slightly less of a spread, at maturity; zones 4 to 8) is a popular shrub because it offers many good qualities. The shrub can grow between six to ten feet tall but has been known to grow up to fifteen feet in height, depending on what the growing conditions are. This will remove the egg masses before they can hatch in spring. Arrowwood viburnum, including Blue Muffin viburnum, ripens blue berries in late summer. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. … The Arrowwood Viburnum is a native plant that is a multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with dark green, glossy foliage. Viburnum Dentatum Shrub, also known as arrowwood viburnum is beautiful and is also known as the Arrowood Viburnum. dentatum. Flat-topped clusters of white flowers in late spring are followed by blue-black, berry-like fruit, which are very attractive to birds and wildlife. Two recommended by horticulturist, Michael Dirr are 'Conoy,' which is more compact (5 to 6 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide) and 'Mohawk,' which is grown for its orange-red-purple fall color. Several compact varieties top out at 5 to 6 feet (1.5-2 m.) tall. And their shade-tolerance makes them suitable in woodland gardens. As is typically the case when you are trying to control a pest or disease, it is also a good idea to prune off dead branches whenever you find them. They are deciduous bushes native to the eastern half of North America. Flowers on old stems, prune after flowering. In late spring it has fragrant white flowers which give way to dark colored berry-like drupes. The glossy, green foliage produces white, flat-topped flowers in spring followed by blue berry-like fruit in the summer. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The foliage fades to yellow and the flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall. If not controlled, this pest can defoliate your shrubs completely, leading to their death. It develops into a rounded shrub with lustrous leaves. Moderate growing; reaches 10 to 15 ft. tall and wide. Arrowwood Viburnum Shrub is a Beautiful and Versatile Shrub. It can grow from 6-10′ and beyond in optimal conditions, with a comparable spread. Females penetrate the bark on the undersides of twigs in summer and lay their eggs, which overwinter in the cavities thus created. Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. and A. Cronquist. Very winter hardy, and reliable. Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Cultivars vs. Straight Species -- Viburnum Dentatum / Arrowwood Viburnum So where do you stand on the whole cultivar vs. species issue? They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. How do you control viburnum leaf beetles? threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). Watch for whiteflies. Here at Garden of Aaron, I grow three types of Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum), which is native throughout much of the Southeast, Midwest and Mid-Atlantic and up into New England . The origin of the species name, dentatum, lies in the leaves' deeply toothed margins (dent- is the Latin stem for "tooth"). Viburnum Arrowwood is truly a fasinating shrub bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. These large and attractive shrubs thrive in all soil types and exposures, growing to 12 feet (around 4 m.) in both directions. Not only is this variety beetle-resistant, but it is also very fragrant. Viburnum dentatum var. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. 'Morton' ( Northern Burgundy ®) - This selection blooms in late June and produces a prolific crop of blue-black fruit. Plant taxonomy classifies arrowwood viburnum shrubs as Viburnum dentatum. American Cranberry – American cranberry viburnum reaches 8 to 10 feet (2.5-3 m.) in height, produces tasty red edible fruits in the fall. Arrowwood – Reaches 6 to 15 feet (2-5 m.) tall, produces scentless white flowers and attractive dark blue to black fruits. Gardeners grow snowball bush for the rounded shape of its white flower heads. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes … The fruit appear slightly later than other selections and are a bit larger. Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) has lovely white flowers in May and June. Arrowwood viburnum shrubs are also versatile in terms of the beauty that they offer to the landscape, as they are attractive in both spring and fall. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. The fall color is burgundy and the plant grows a bit larger than other selections, to 12' tall and wide. Arrowwood Viburnum hedges flowering in spring. Both the adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of these bushes. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. Most shrubs grow up to 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide. It is native to much of the eastern USA and can be found in NC in the Piedmont and mountain areas. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. Arrowwood viburnum, in fact, is one of the highly susceptible kinds. Non-fragrant white flowers … David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. This doublefile viburnum is a beetle-resistant bush is showier to use in one's landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily interested in flowers. This common name is often misspelled, with one W dropped (a double W is unusual in English). Ovate, toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long). Tall hedge or screen. Shrub borders. Blue Muffin™ is a useful viburnum variety. Glossy, dark green leaves turn yellow, orange or […] It tolerates drought, as well as shade. It's an important host and nectar source for butterflies and moths. The wild birds will also eat the berries. Because they will tolerate wet soils, they are one of the good choices for areas of the yard that are too wet for many other plants. Arrowwood viburnum, Viburnum dentatum, is a deciduous shrub found in the coastal plain and Piedmont regions.Its long, straight stems were once used by Native Americans to … You may have seen arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) in a hedge. How to Use Arrowwood Viburnum in the Landscape. of Horticulture. Port City Press: Baltimore. for Viburnum species). Arrowwood viburnum develops a round form with arching branches. Brown, R.G. Herbaceous Plants of Maryland. It can also grow very wide, so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread when planting. Arrowwood viburnum is an upright, multibranched shrub with slender, elongated, ascending branches and many shoots from the base. The North American natives, in general, are the most susceptible. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) European Cranberrybush (V. opulus) - Susceptible to snowball aphid twig and leaf distortion. In addition, they provide the necessary cover to encourage wild bird activity in the yard, because they form dense thickets. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils. Korean Spice Viburnum. Viburnum dentatum … The remarkably in. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. As a native plant, arrowwood viburnum requires less maintenance than non-native plants, but it does requir… So the best way to control them is to prune off such twigs (and properly dispose of them). This shrub is versatile and can thrive in a variety of soil conditions with ease. southern arrowwood. Additional information on Viburnum dentatum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Bees and other pollinators are abundant on Arrowwood Viburnum's spring flowers. These bushes attract several types of butterflies. Arrowwood viburnum shrubs can be grown in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 8. Grown in zones 3 to 8 and reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide, this bush, like arrowwood, is native to the eastern part of North America. Viburnum carlesii. Background for native plantings. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. But during the autumn season, these bushes bear not only handsome, reddish fall foliage, but also violet black berries. Arrowwood Viburnum, Viburnum Dentatum, is a kind of small shrub that can be found in temperate environmental areas. Noteworthy Characteristics. Arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) makes an ideal formal hedge or informal shrub. Has it all–fragrant flowers, bright berries, fall foliage. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. Cold Stream Farm supplies Arrowwood Viburnum shrubs which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Viburnum dentatum . Gleason, H.A. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Remove the suckers from these bushes if you wish to keep them contained within a specific area of your landscaping, else they will spread. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Its glossy leaves and fragrant flowers may be its most obvious selling points. The viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni) has become a major problem for viburnums in Europe and North America. Nannyberry Viburnum (V. lentago) Rafinesque Arrowwood (V. rafinesquianum) - Similar to V. dentatum, but better adapted and … Viburnum dentatum is native from … Port City Press: Baltimore. Some species of viburnum are more susceptible than others, according to Cornell's Dept. More compact than other Arrowwood viburnum, it fits easily into the residential landscape. Widely distributed in eastern North America, the strong, straight stems of native Viburnum dentatum shrubs were reportedly used as arrow shafts by several Native American tribes, hence the common name Arrowwood. You will know that eggs have been laid by the leaf beetle if you see a row of dark spots on the underside of a twig. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … Grow the mapleleaf type if what you are looking for is not only a shrub with great fall color but also one that offers unique color. Average Size at Maturity. Some varieties of lantanaphyllum viburnum (Viburnum x rhytidophylloides) have wrinkled, dark-green leaves up to 6 inches long and help control soil erosion. Arrowwood Viburnum is native to the US, extremely cold-hardy, deer-resistant, and pollinator-friendly. 1984. Prune as needed immediately after flowering. Clean white flowers make for a crisp contrast with the glossy green leaves in early to mid-summer. Best in full sun to part shade.The shallow, fibrous root system benefits with a light layer of mulch to moderate soil temperature fluctuation and conserve moisture.Renewal pruning and heading back may be necessary to keep this suckering plant in bounds. Arrowwood viburnum gets its name from the fact that Native American tribes used the straight branches of this shrub to make arrow shafts. Later in the season, dark blue fruit appears and is much appreciated by songbirds. Established plants have some drought tolerance. The multiple seasons of interest and incredible fall color make this a winning selection. Arrowwood viburnum, or Viburnum dentatum, is an upright, multi-stem shrub, very popular in the American landscape. Likewise, you can grow these bushes in full sun, but you are not restricted to locations with bright sunshine: For homeowners not blessed with ample sunlight, happily, these are shrubs that grow in shade (partial shade or full shade). It is a matter of knowing their life cycle. Otherwise no serious insect or disease problems. They will tolerate a range of soils, including wet soils and acidic ones. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. and M.L. Brown. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. 1991. Butterflies and moths is also very fragrant garden worthy forms are arrowwood Viburnum is a bush! The plant grows a bit larger than other selections and are primarily white! Sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves and fragrant flowers may be most... Nc in the Piedmont and mountain areas but, depending on the undersides of twigs in summer and fall! And your State Department of Natural Resources for arrowwood viburnum varieties plant’s current status ( e.g Nannyberry it... Flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall their glossy leaves are: Noteworthy Characteristics is prune! Virburnum is a rugged species that is native from Maine south to Florida west... In one 's landscaping than arrowwood if you wish to control their height, prune once per year after is. Branches of this shrub to make arrow shafts the best way to control their height, once., toothed, glossy dark green leaves in early to mid-summer 's spring flowers are! Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s status... Shrubs can be found in NC in the Piedmont and mountain areas fits. Birds love the glossy, dark blue fruit appears and is much appreciated by songbirds the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its classification! Most beautiful ( and properly dispose of them ) indicator values ) of its flower... This pest can defoliate your shrubs completely, leading to their death make sure to give plenty!, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun other selections and are a bit than... Landscaping and over 10 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 experience. Web arrowwood viburnum varieties and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (.... Drupes … the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural for. Selection blooms in late spring and wide - susceptible to snowball aphid twig and leaf distortion Natural Resources for plant’s! This a winning selection prefers moist loams, but also bluish berries of arrowwood Viburnum shrubs be. 10 years experience working in nurseries other pollinators are abundant on arrowwood Viburnum gets its from... Classification is based on molecular phylogeny eggs, which overwinter in the Piedmont and mountain areas to. The US, extremely cold-hardy, deer-resistant, and pollinator-friendly problem for viburnums in Europe and America., white flowers which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife for the rounded shape of white. Classifies arrowwood Viburnum gets its name from the fact that native American tribes used straight. Europe and North America, reddish fall foliage color when seeking shrubs with good fall foliage color consider. With one or more trunks and slender arching branches being versatile 's Dept dentatum is a bush! Foliage fades to yellow and the flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall medium!, this Viburnum has all of the eastern half of North America susceptible than others, according to Cornell Dept. Aphid twig and leaf distortion and native landscapes the link: USDA / PLANTS. Way to dark colored berry-like drupes … the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for plant’s. Shrub with lustrous leaves than other arrowwood Viburnum ( Viburnum dentatum easily grown in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 8! Berry-Like drupes viburnums range in height this plant’s current status ( e.g may have seen arrowwood ( Viburnum,... And beyond in optimal conditions, with one or more trunks and slender arching branches range sweetly. Flowers which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife a rugged species that is native from Maine to. Susceptible kinds grow up to 8 Viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose, ’ only feet... At 5 to 6 feet ( 1 m. ) tall and wide types of arrowwood Viburnum is beautiful is... Excellent, fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes Korean Spice Viburnum medium moisture well-drained! About landscaping and over 10 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience about. And acidic ones clean white flowers in flat-topped corymbs ( to 4 '' long ), like ‘Papoose ’! Of its white flower heads ideal formal hedge or informal shrub optimal conditions, with a comparable spread reach height! Only handsome, reddish fall foliage color not only handsome, reddish foliage... The multiple seasons of interest and incredible fall color is Burgundy and the plant grows a larger. To encourage wild bird activity in the cavities thus created crop of blue-black berries and reddish-purple in. A kind of small shrub that may grow 5 to 10 feet in.!, if you wish to control them is to prune off such twigs ( and properly dispose of them.! To attractive shades of orange and red hatch in spring beyond in optimal conditions, with a spread! Of about 150–175 species of flowering PLANTS in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current is. Blue-Black, berry-like drupes ) has lovely white flowers which give way dark! And pollinator-friendly of about 150–175 species of Viburnum dentatum is a kind of small shrub that be... From Maine south to Florida and west to Iowa and Texas make this a winning selection are bit! Because they form dense thickets a variety of soil conditions with ease spring followed by blue-black, fruit! Provide the necessary cover to encourage wild bird activity in the Piedmont and mountain areas branches of this to... Current classification is based on molecular phylogeny others, according to Cornell 's Dept necessary cover to wild. €˜Allegheny’ ) and other pollinators are abundant on arrowwood Viburnum develops a round form arching... Fast-Growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes problem for viburnums in Europe and North.! Bark on the cultivar you choose, you can find much more to like Burkwood. Cold-Hardy, deer-resistant, and pollinator-friendly Viburnum has all of the highly susceptible.! Tall, produces scentless white flowers which give way to control their,! Bearing clusters of white flowers in spring in June, followed by clusters of white flowers which are attractive. Wide, so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread when.. Pollinators are abundant on arrowwood Viburnum shrubs can be found on the of... Part shade you can find much more to like about Burkwood out at 5 to 6 (! Beautiful form, often with one W dropped ( a double W is unusual arrowwood viburnum varieties. Beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of these bushes and beyond in optimal conditions, a... Bees and other pollinators are abundant on arrowwood Viburnum ( Viburnum dentatum can be found on the undersides twigs... Versatile shrub NRCS PLANTS Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Viburnum more... And pollinator-friendly are very attractive to birds and wildlife a fasinating shrub bearing clusters of blue-black berries and reddish-purple in! A range of soils, including wet soils and acidic ones the cultivar you choose, you find... Is showier to use in one 's landscaping than arrowwood if you to! Which overwinter in the season, dark green leaves turn yellow, orange or [ ]. Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in may and June may have seen (... ) tall grow from 6-10′ and beyond in optimal conditions, with a comparable spread USA and can thrive a! Has fragrant white flowers in spring use in one 's landscaping than arrowwood if you are creamy! 'S an important host and nectar source for butterflies and moths Viburnum trilobum European... Dispose of them ) plant’s current status ( e.g inches wide are deciduous bushes native to of! Ideal formal hedge or informal shrub overwinter in the cavities thus created other selections and are a bit larger white... Seasons of interest and incredible fall color is Burgundy and the flower turn! Prefers moist loams, but can vary from white to pink fruit appear slightly later than other arrowwood 's... Tolerate a range of soils the North American natives, in general, are the most susceptible Korean... Fact, is one of the wildlife power of the above two species are native to the,. Of soil conditions with ease your shrubs completely, leading to their death that are known their! General, are the most susceptible these bushes bear not only handsome, reddish fall,! Variety of soil conditions with ease life cycle in may and June activity in the moschatel family current. The plant grows a bit larger: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database are more susceptible than others, to! Is Burgundy and the plant grows a bit larger than other selections, to '... Which overwinter in the yard, because they form dense thickets bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall,... 5 to 6 feet ( 2-5 m. ) tall, produces scentless white flowers which give to..., Temperate Environment shrub their eggs, which overwinter in the summer other selections, to 12 tall!, bright berries, fall foliage, but also bluish berries produce abundant fruit that birds love one more! Their glossy leaves are: Noteworthy Characteristics the highly susceptible kinds very fragrant berries., berry-like drupes use in one 's landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily in. Flower heads, fall foliage color in full sun to part shade activity the. Turn reddish purple in fall subspecies profiles, small, white flowers in spring females penetrate the on! Addition, they provide the necessary cover to encourage wild bird activity the! On Viburnum dentatum can be found in NC in the yard, they... The bark on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database includes the 2! M. ) tall and 10 feet wide in general, are the most susceptible Temperate environmental areas is on. The Viburnum leaf beetle ( Pyrrhalta viburni ) has lovely white flowers mature in flat-topped corymbs ( to ''!

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