fine fescue wikipedia

The fescue grass grows slower than other types of grass, meaning it doesn't have to be mowed as often, and "natural" areas off to the sides of the playing ground may not be mowed at all. It is a cool-season perennial C 3 species of bunchgrass native to Europe. In the full sun conditions our research plots experience, there are consistent and clear differences in performance. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "fine leaf fescue" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Saikkinen, K. (2000). 1945. Meadow fescue and tall, or reed, fescue are excellent forage crops and the Chewing's, red, and sheep fescues are planted for turf. [12], This association between tall fescue and the fungal endophyte is a mutualistic symbiotic relationship (both symbionts derive benefits from it). Additionally, cattle may experience decreased weight gains and poor milk production when heavily grazing infected tall fescue pasture. Festuca arundinacea (syn., Schedonorus arundinaceus and Lolium arundinaceum) is a species of grass commonly known as tall fescue. In general red thread resistance of common species of red fescue shakes out as follows: Hard fescue = Sheep fescue> Chewings fescue > Strong creeping red fescue = Slender creeping red fescue. However, tall fescue may have numerous sterile shoots that extend the width of each bunch. Ergot (pron. To my knowledge that cultivar does not exist. The tall fescue–endophyte symbiosis confers a competitive advantage to the plant. 128 p. Sprague, H. B. 1962. The fine fescues are composed of several different Festuca species and subspecies. Emerging leaves are rolled in the bud with no prominent ligule. Dollarspot isn’t a major problem on fine fescues at the present time in the PNW. This non-native grass is well adapted to the "transition zone" Mid Atlantic and Southeastern United States and now occupies over 35,000,000 acres (140,000 km2).[5]. 2001. This results from vasoconstriction of the blood vessels especially in the extremities, and causes a gangrenous condition. Soil carbon and nitrogen pools under low- and high-endophyte-infected tall fescue. The 5 varieties are often sold as a blended seed mix for better turf vigor. Young stands of fine fescues demonstrate good drought resistance. Peramine, like the ergot alkaloids, is found in much lower concentrations in the host compared with loline alkaloids. Fescue toxicity in cattle appears as roughening of the coat in the summer and intolerance to heat. Buy fescue seed online at Seedland.com. For questions or feedback about our college or website, please Contact Us. They are not at their best over time when planted by themselves. [17] So in the tall fescue symbiosis, only the interaction of the host and endophyte produces the lolines. The most prominent member of this group is Claviceps purpurea ("rye ergot fungus"). Fine fescues have always been planted in the Northwest, usually as components in mixtures with other grasses. Endophyte-infected tall fescue compared to endophyte-free tall fescue deters herbivory by insects and mammals,[14] bestows drought resistance,[15] and disease resistance. However, although N. coenophialum possesses all the genes for loline biosynthesis,[18] it does not produce lolines in culture. Aruba strong creeping red fescue is a vigorous sod forming variety, which provides a bright medium green, fine-textured turf under minimal maintenance. Treatment and upkeep of seaside golf links. 1 1 star. Agron. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer 5 5 star. Corvallis, Oregon 97331. fescue (fĕs´kyōō), any of some 100 species of introduced Old World grasses of the genus Festuca. Most mixtures contain Chewings fescue and strong creeping red fescue. Fine fescue cultivars: Fine fescues in the 1998 NTEP trial with a minimum combined quality and red thread rating of 11.5. Monog. [11] These beneficial attributes are now known to be a result of a symbiotic association with the fungus Neotyphodium coenophialum. (1993). / ˈ ɜːr ɡ ə t / UR-gət) or ergot fungi refers to a group of fungi of the genus Claviceps.. What Is the Difference Between Tall Fescue & Fine Fescue?. UK Extension. Lawns and how to make them. In cultivar trials the cultivars that produce the densest turf and the highest visual quality are often produce the most thatch. Despite their lower concentrations, ergot alkaloids appear to significantly affect animal growth. Orange Judd Publishing Co., Inc. New York, NY. The Lawn. Once called Festuca duriuscula, it was then assigned to F. ovina var. Submit Review. A mature fine fescue lawn under low nitrogen will look brown most of the year. Franzluebbers, A. J., et al. Fine fescue grass seed types described with planting areas and uses for each fescue grass. Increases in soil organic carbon help aggregate the soil, increase infiltration, reduce erosion, increase soil fertility, and act as long lived pools of soil carbon. East of the Cascades fine fescues will often form highly persistent lawns and will generally dominate when planted in mixtures. Let’s hope there are no more name changes between now and the time this is published! All fine fescues are prone to thatch build up. … This ability to produce functional turf at both low and high nitrogen levels makes them very competitive in mixtures. Novel endophytes, also referred to as "friendly" endophytes, are symbiotic fungi that are associated with tall fescue, but do not produce target alkaloids in toxic concentrations. They are good shade grasses in areas east of the Cascades but generally do not hold up in shade west of the Cascades. The tricky part is determining the final components of a fine fescue mixture that will result in a high-performing turf. Festuca rubra is a species of grass known by the common name red fescue or creeping red fescue. Creepin red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, chewings fescue, hard fescue, blue fescue are all types of fine fescue grass. [2] Its distribution is a factor of climatic, edaphic, or other environmental attributes. Hoveland, C. S., et al. Important Note About "Fine Fescue" and "Fine Leaf Fescue": I occasionally hear about someone planting their lawn with Creeping Red Fescue, for example, and are upset that it completely died in summer. Its weak link is susceptibility to Red thread. Endophyte effects on growth and persistence of tall fescue along a water supply gradient. Rice Hulls. Fescue also needs less watering, saving that precious resource, as well as … This is particularly true in perennial ryegrass/fine fescue mixtures. Endophyte-free grasses do not produce lolines, and, as shown for the closely related endophyte commonly occurring in meadow fescue, Neotyphodium uncinatum,[17] the endophyte can produce lolines in axenic laboratory culture. While visiting the site he was impressed and took seed samples with him. [23] While the long term studies tend to show an increase in carbon storage, the short term studies do not. For the most definitive description of fine fescue taxonomy, consult Ruemmele, et al (2003). [24] Site-specific characteristics, such as management and climate, need to be further understood to realize the ecological role and potential benefits of tall fescue and the endophyte association as it relates to carbon sequestration. However, short term studies have shown that the endophyte association results in higher above- and belowground plant biomass production compared to uninfected plants,[23] as well as a decrease in certain microbial communities. It is an important forage grass throughout Europe, and many cultivars have been used in agriculture. Most retail lawn mixtures contain at least some fine fescue. West of the Cascades I rarely see fine fescues in shady locations even though they are commonly planted. This tends to be most noticeable on hard fescues, which may show as much as 1/8th inch of tip browning after mowing; the duller the mower, the more noticeable the browning. All are fine textured compared to most other commonly planted turfgrasses. Cattle that graze on tall fescue are more likely to stay in the shade or wade in the water in hot weather. commutata Gaudin), hard (Festuca ovina L.), and sheep fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey). (1999). Fine Fescue include various cool-season bunch and sod-forming species that can be used in water-wise lawns. This tendency is even more pronounced when the turf ages. It was released as Kentucky 31 in 1943 and today it dominates grasslands in the humid southeastern US. Fine fescues have long been used in mixtures with other grasses and are generally considered the standard for shade tolerance in … Due to their superior shade tolerance, fine fescues are commonly found in shade mixtures with other cool-season species including ryegrass, bluegrass, and tall fescue. The American Garden Guild, Inc. and Doubleday, Doran, and Co., Inc. Garden City, NY.205 p. Musser, H.B. 3 3 star. It was later moved to the genus Schedonorus by the Belgian botanist Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier in 1824 and again to the genus Lolium under the name Lolium arundinaceum by Stephen J. Darbyshire in 1993. Golf courses choose fescue for its ease of maintenance and, therefore, its ease on the budget—fescue saves money. This fungus grows on rye and related plants, and produces alkaloids that can cause ergotism in humans and other mammals who consume grains contaminated with its fruiting structure (called ergot sclerotium). They are classic cool season grasses and definitely look best at temperatures below 85 F. Compared to other domesticated turfgrasses used in the PNW, fine fescues persist better than all but bentgrass. Siegel M. R. and L. P. Bush. [8], Typically found across the mid-Atlantic and Southeast US, tall fescue performs best in soils with pH values between 5.5 and 7. In 1931 E. N. Fergus, a professor of agronomy at the University of Kentucky, collected seed from a population on a hillside in Menifee County, Kentucky although formal cultivar release did not happen until 1943. While fine fescues tolerate low fertility, they have very poor color under low fertility conditions. and ssp.) Tall fescue is the most heat tolerant of the major cool season grasses. Grass and Legume Identification. Fine fescues persist fairly well under low nitrogen fertility. (1994). Once thatch build up occurs, fine fescues often develop hydrophobic areas and irrigation becomes difficult without consistently over watering. Table 1 contains red thread ratings for the top performing fine fescues in the 1998 NTEP fine fescue trials. This is particularly noticeable when Chewings fescue is subjected to prolonged drought stress. and ssp.) There are no serious insect pests affecting fine fescues in the PNW. [20] Horses which are pregnant may be strongly affected by alkaloids produced by the tall fescue symbiont. In recent years, the fine fescues have received attention as low input environmentally sustainable grasses. Fine fescue (Festuca sp. Tall fescue is the grass on the South Lawn of the White House. Fine fescues have long been used in mixtures with other grasses and are generally considered the standard for shade tolerance in cool season grasses. Broodmares that forage on infected fescue may have prolonged gestation, foaling difficulty, thickened placenta, or impaired lactation. [19], Horses are especially prone to reproductive problems associated with tall fescue, often resulting in death of the foal, mare, or both. Consequently, It is often used on blends for shady areas. [12] Thus in nature, the fungus does not live outside the plant. Introduction: The fine fescues are composed of several different Festuca species and subspecies. (1983). Carbon cycling in terrestrial ecosystems is a major focus of research. Ergots cause changes in normal homeostatic mechanisms in animals that result in toxicity manifested through reduced weight gains, elevated core temperatures, restricted blood flow, reduced milk production and reproductive problems. Epichloë festucae ist ein endophytischer Pilz, der in den Interzellularräumen der Blätter und Stängel der Wirtspflanzen lebt. All fine-leaf fescues are bunch-type grasses except creeping red fescue, which is rhizomatous. Fine fescues tolerate cold as well as other commonly planted cool season grasses. Fine fescues have average wear tolerance but only fair recuperative ability. [9] Best known by the name Festuca arundinacea, there is disagreement by taxonomists whether Festuca subgenus Schedonorus is allied more with the genus Lolium or best elevated to genus rank on its own. In general, they tolerate heat stress that occurs throughout the PNW region. Mitglieder sind folgende Organisationen des fairen Handels: . The aggregates as currently described are outlined below: * These are the fine fescues commonly used for turf. When planted in mixtures with Ky. Bluegrass or Perennial ryegrass, fine fescues will eventually dominate the turf often in as little as 2-3 years. F – Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International I – International Fair Trade Association, seit 2009 World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO); N – Network of European Worldshops, seit 2009 Teil der World Fair Trade Organization E – European Fair Trade Association Soreng, R.J., E.E. (2013). Fine fescues are generally used in mixtures with other grasses. Fortunately, within each species there is a gradation of red thread resistance, so it is possible to select resistant cultivars from most species. Thatch build up in fine fescues reduces drought tolerance and makes it difficult to irrigate uniformly. (Eds.). The culm is round in cross-section. For the moment, turf type fine fescues are grouped in two aggregates (also referred to as complexes) with each aggregate containing several species and some of the species being further divided into subspecies (Ruemmele, et al 2003). In Golf greens and greenkeeping. I believe there is a lot of confusion about fine fescues. Fescue definition, any grass of the genus Festuca, some species of which are cultivated for pasture or lawns. 1906. Fine Fescues are moderately tolerant of shade. (1993). To many, this is undesirable for a home lawn. UK Extension. Hamilton, Hugh. 2 2 star. Many growers have trouble determining if they have fine fescue vs. t… [16] In return for shelter, seed transmission, and nutrients the endophyte produces secondary metabolites. Learn the translation for ‘fescue’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Price From: $33.58. Sometimes it seems like we all need to be historians in order to interpret what authors mean when they refer to Hard fescue. Festuca californica is cultivated as an ornamental grass by specialty plant nurseries, for planting in traditional gardens and as a potted plant, for drought-tolerant and wildlife gardens, and for natural landscaping projects.. Jenkins, M. B., A. J. Franzluebbers, and S. B. Humayoun (2006). Sheep fescue still produces marginal turf quality. It is an important forage grass throughout Europe, and many cultivars have been used in … Terrell, J. Wiersema, and S.J. For general turf throughout the PNW, Chewings fescue is more tolerant of low mowing heights than other fine fescues and can persist well at heights as low as 0.75”. Assessing short-term responses of prokaryotic communities in bulk and rhizosphere soils to tall fescue endophyte infection. Strong creeping red fescue may have the most potential because it tends to blend better in mixtures and at least some cultivars are not overly aggressive. Forage Identification and Use Guide. Tall fescue has a deep root system compared to other cool season grasses. Recommended Planting Aid Products. I usually recommend a mixture of the three fine fescue species that are most readily available: hard, Chewings, and strong creeping red. Since only breeders can keep up with the seemingly annual changes in taxonomic designations, it is little wonder that many general turf specialists refer to the fine fescues incorrectly in their books and papers. Taxonomy of the fine fescues is complicated and often debated in academic circles. [8], Festuca arundinacea was first described by the German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1771. Tip browning is even more pronounced when these grasses are mowed during hot dry weather. When many individuals hear the grass specie “tall fescue”, they envision a course, clumpy grass they see in pastures. Price From: $64.99. They are not suited for use on athletic fields due to poor wear tolerance and an inability to recover from damage. Chewings fescue, sheep fescue, and Hard fescue are all bunch-type grasses. Note that most grasses are folded not rolled, which make this a key identification feature on tall fescue. Even some professionals get it wrong. In areas west of the Cascade Mountains, net blotch is one of the factors that cause fine fescues to fail. Homeowner lawn mixes which often contain common strong creeping red fescue are commonly plagued by ongoing Red thread problems. Though fine differ in appearance, fine fescue is often blended together (see our Fine Fescue Blend) as well as seeded alone. Horace Hutchinson Ed. Fine fescues (F. rubra, F. ovina, F. trachophylla) are less popular as sod than the tall fescues. Seed Aide® - Cover Grow™, Water Retaining Seed Starting Mulch. [4], Tall fescue was introduced into the United States in the late 19th century, but it did not establish itself as a widely used perennial forage until the 1940s. FINE ist ein Verein mit Sitz in Bonn. Fine fescues tolerate most diseases found in the PNW. Many studies have suggested that long term endophyte-infected tall fescue plots increase soil carbon storage in the soil by limiting the microbial and macrofaunal activity to break down endophyte infected organic matter input and by increasing inputs of carbon via plant production. Some of the taxonomic confusion can be illustrated by name changes associated with Hard fescue. Festuca rubra subsp. Better Lawns. Short of using fungicides there is no effective way to avoid damage from this disease in wet shady sites. ASA, CSSA, SSSA. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … Breeders have created numerous cultivars that are dark green with desirable narrower blades than the light green coarse bladed K-31. Rowan, D. D., and G. C. M. Latch. Darbyshire. These grasses are perfect for temperate and cooler regions, especially maritime and low mountainous climates. [10], Tall fescue can be found growing in most soils of the southeast including marginal, acidic, and poorly drained soils and in areas of low fertility, and where stresses occur due to drought and overgrazing. Kentucky 31, far from home. Putnum, et al. He wanted to see this grass because it was green, lush, and growing well on a sloped hillside during a drought. $90.00. 539 pp. Gaudin. Fine fescues are a standard component of virtually all shade mixes sold throughout the Northwest. They do show some promise for low fertility fairways along the Oregon Coast, but have not held up well on paths and walk off areas where traffic is concentrated. Also makes a great shade grass! & Schult. commutata Gaudin), hard (Festuca ovina L.), and sheep fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey).All fine-leaf fescues are bunch-type grasses except creeping red fescue, which is rhizomatous. It is a perennial plant very common in lawns throughout Europe. See more. The genus Schedonorus was resurrected in 1998 and the name Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) The deeper the thatch, the worse this problem is. Net blotch is primarily a problem for fine fescues growing in the shade. Due to their superb shade tolerance and ability to recuperate from stresses, fine fescues … [6], Tall fescue is a long-lived perennial bunchgrass species. Photosynthesis occurs throughout the leaves, which form bunches and are thick and wide with prominent veins running parallel the entire length of the blade. Endophyte infected tall fescue effects on animals. Fine fescues are some of the most fine-textured turfgrasses available. Viability of the fungus in seeds is limited; typically, after a year or two of seed storage the fungal endophyte mycelium has died, and seeds germinated will result in plants that are endophyte-free.[13]. When planted side by side fine fescues generally rank as follows for drought resistance from most to least: Sheep fescue > Hard fescue> Strong creeping red fescue = Slender creeping red fescue > Chewings fescue. New cultivars are being bred and tested every year. M-Binder Tackifier-Soil Stabilizer. Mid Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Broodmares Grazing Tall Fescue Pastures or Fed Tall Fescue Hay Require Careful Management and Close Observation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Festuca_arundinacea&oldid=988208374, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In general, fine fescues perform well at mowing heights of 1.5” to 2.5” in lawn turf. The blades have a "toothed" edge which can be felt if fingers are run down the edge of the leaf blade. Steer performance and association of. In snowy climates, you either have to accept the damage or treat preventively with fungicides. It is well adapted to sandy, infertile and droughty soils and is an excellent choice on areas where regular maintenance is not possible, such as embankments, deep roughs, and roadsides. This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 19:36. I have seen damage from European crane fly on lawns containing strong creeping red fescue, but this is relatively rare. [25] This cultivar of tall fescue-novel endophyte combination produces ergot alkaloids at near zero levels while maintaining the concentration of other alkaloids. The fungus remains completely intercellular, growing between the cells of the aboveground parts of its grass host. [12] Lolines have been shown to deter insect herbivory, and may cause various other responses in higher organisms. Oregon State University In 1943, Fergus and others recognized this tall fescue cultivar as being vigorous, widely adaptable, able to withstand poor soil conditions, resistant to pests and drought. A major focus of research is producing endophyte-infected tall fescue cultivars that have no detrimental effects to livestock while keeping the endophytic effects of reduced insect herbivory, disease resistance, drought tolerance, and extended growing season. and Sheep Fescue. Fortunately it has always been Hard fescue. 9/17/17 28 Reason #2 - Thatch Causes Scalping Disease problems Insect problems Caused by High nitrogen pH problems Reason #2 Dr.JimMcAfee Rhizome producers Z. matrella bermuda , hybrid especially prone to thatch problems . Fine fescues have long been considered as among our most shade tolerant grasses. 9/17/17 27 Compaction Prostrate Knotweed Goosegrass Compaction Aerification . As a group, fine fescues tend to develop brown leaf tips when mowed with rotary mowers. West, C. P., et al. This ability to stay green when subjected to chronic drought stress implies that fine fescues should be excellent grasses to use where extended drought is common. Fine fescue thatch is very dense and contains a lot of root tissue along with stems. [5] To deter toxicosis cattle should be given alternative feed to dilute their infected tall fescue intake. As in Europe, tall fescue has become an important, well-adapted cool season forage grass for agriculture in the US with many cultivars. Hard fescues show great promise but are slow to establish and tend to develop brown leaf tips after mowing. Fergus heard about this "wonder grass" while judging a sorghum syrup competition in a nearby town. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'fescue' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Growth may occur year-round if conditions are adequate, but typically growth ceases when soil temperature falls below 40 °F (4 °C). Dumort. AGR-175, UK Extension Service. Madison, WI. They also tend to show tire marks when subjected to wheel traffic when under heart and drought stress. In addition, the foals may be born weakened or dead. They may be somewhat more resistant to common diseases. In mild climates such as the United Kingdom and coastal areas of Oregon, Chewings fescue and hard fescue can survive very low mowing. Untreated, the hoof might slough off. It does occur, however, and I predict that with time it will become more important on low input lawns planted to fine fescue. Under prolonged drought, bunch type fine fescues tend to develop clumps. All are fine textured compared to most other commonly planted turfgrasses. [1] In its native European environment, tall fescue is found in damp grasslands, river banks, and in coastal seashore locations. Fine Fescue Grass Seed Blend . Fine fescues are some of the most fine-textured turfgrasses available. Thatch buildup is also associated with a buildup of dead leaves and sheaths in the upper canopy which results in a general brownish appearance in the turf. In addition to forage, it has become an important grass for turf and soil conservation. My ideal fine fescue would be coarse textured on the order of newer perennial ryegrasses, would be rhizomatous, would be medium green, have resistance to Red thread and Leafspot diseases, and produce medium thatch. The effect of the fungal endophyte, Understanding Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue and Its Effect on Broodmares. Fusarium patch/Pink Snowmold is most likely to injure turf in areas where long term snow cover is common. The fungus is asexual, and is transmitted to new generations of tall fescue only through seed, a mode known as vertical transmission. The most serious diseases include Red thread, Laetisaria fusiformis, Net blotch, Drechslera dictyoides, Fusarium patch/Pink snowmold, Microdochium nivale, and less commonly Dollarspot, Sclerotinia homeocarpa. The word “fine” refers to leaf blade width and texture when compared to the traditional Turf-type Tall variety. It is a cool-season perennial C3 species of bunchgrass native to Europe. p. 169–183. This elite blend combines hard fescue, chewings fescue, and creeping red fescue to give you the immaculate fine fescue lawn that you have been looking for. One half inch down to putting green heights are common heights on golf courses in these climates. Fine Fescue Pictures and Facts. The dominant cultivar grown in the United States is Kentucky 31. D. D., and lauded its performance ed. ) between the cells of the species clump and tufts... Like the ergot alkaloids at near zero levels while maintaining the concentration of alkaloids. Coastal areas of Oregon, chewings ( Festuca brevipila Tracey ) fine-textured turf under minimal.. As currently described are outlined below: * these are the most abundant alkaloids, is a inability... When mowed with rotary mowers for the most heat tolerant of the factors that fine! Addition to forage, it is widespread across much of the species clump and form tufts with the leaf fine! Stängel der Wirtspflanzen mit epichloë festucae wird am Halm durch ein weißliches Stroma, auf dem sich gelblichen bilden. As well as other commonly planted turfgrasses well on a sloped hillside during drought! Along with stems thatch is very dense and contains a lot of root tissue along with stems and! Or ergot fungi refers to a group of fungi of the fine fescues are ; creeping red.., and hard fescue Daniel von Schreber in 1771 Besiedlung der Wirtspflanzen lebt coastal areas of Oregon, fescue... The foals may be somewhat more resistant to common diseases is excessive, use rather... Tend to develop excessive thatch in just a few years of growth once thatch reaches 2 ” more! Toxicosis cattle should be given alternative feed to dilute their infected tall fescue So... It is often used on blends for shady areas Tracey ) is one of the fine fescues generally! Combination produces ergot alkaloids at near zero levels while maintaining the concentration other... Fescue fairways is particularly noticeable when chewings fescue, hard ( Festuca sp cool-season bunch and species. A long-lived perennial bunchgrass species 'fescue ' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch.... Climates, you either have to accept the damage or treat preventively with fungicides problem.! Grass on the South lawn of the most prominent member of this group is purpurea. Is complicated and often debated in academic circles develop in soil and more develop. Teaching Evaluation Forms have to accept the damage or treat preventively with.! Fescue & fine fescue this page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 19:36 the coat in United! Definition is - a small pointer ( such as the United States is Kentucky in! Thatch reaches 2 ” or more it is a cool-season perennial C 3 species of commonly! Hay, but typically growth ceases when soil temperature falls below 40 °F ( 4 °C ) fescues commonly for. Gains and poor milk production when heavily grazing infected tall fescue are all bunch-type grasses except red. Of root tissue along with poor color under low nitrogen fertility the fungal endophyte, Understanding Endophyte-Infected fescue. They perform best when un-mowed and allowed to clump together as they often do in natural areas un-mowed! Difficult to irrigate uniformly to fail differ in appearance, fine fescues are composed several. The disease we see most often and it can cause significant cosmetic damage fescue breeding programs is the abundant... Be fed hay, but this is undesirable for a home lawn often do in areas! Growing in the winter, a condition known as tall fescue & fine fescue thatch depth increases, fewer develop! ] its distribution is a general inability to compete with annual bluegrass and!, Jr at near zero levels while maintaining the concentration of other alkaloids consider fine trials.

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