certified b corp

B Corporation (also B Lab or B Corp) certification of "social and environmental performance" is a private certification of for-profit companies, distinct from the legal designation as a Benefit corporation. The B Corp certification process measures a company's performance in five impact areas, including governance, workers, customers, community and … As of April 2020[update] there are over 3,300 certified B Corporations across 150 industries in 71 countries.[2]. Following a rigorous certification process, Tillamook County Creamery Association (Tillamook) is now recognized as a Certified B Corporation (B Corp). Certified B Corp. Our Story Sustainable Materials Ethical Manufacturing Certified B Corp We Quit B Corporations: Balancing Profit and Purpose. As a startup or new business, why go for pending B-Corp status? To be certified, companies must complete an Impact Assessment, which evaluates how their operations and business model impact their workers, community, environment, and customers. Certified B corporations help make positive changes by working to reduce inequality, incorporating sustainable practices to help the environment, creating strong communities, and creating high-quality job opportunities that give individuals a sense of purpose. B Lab certifies companies based on how they create value for non-shareholding stakeholders, such as their employees, the local community, and the environment. Benefit corporation is a legal status conferred by state law in the US; B Lab certification is issued by a non-profit organization and has no legislative framework. Academic contributions of loan forgiveness. If your company has not been trading for 12 months, the full B-Corp certification is not an option. These include: However, B Lab certification allows the company bylaws to remain secret. "Certification | Certified B Corporation", "Benefit Corporations Have Arrived in Massachusetts", "Benefit Corporations & Certified B Corps | Benefit Corporation", "Loan Assistance Program – Detailed Summary", "Making a Difference (and a Profit): Advantages and Disadvantages of Forming or Converting into a "B" Entity| Lexology", "Delaware Just Made It A Whole Lot Easier For Socially Responsible Companies To Exist", "Corporate Social Responsibility Comes In Many Flavors, Some Not So Tasty", "OLR Backgrounder: Social Enterprise and the Benefit Corporation", "Certification Requirements | Certified B Corporation", "In Just a Few Months, Sistema B (AKA: B Corp) Finds Fertile Ground for Social Enterprises in Latin America", "B Lab and Sistema B Partner to take B Corps Global", "What's Wrong—and What's Right—with Stakeholder Management", "Benefit Corporations—A Sustainable Form of Organization? What is a Certified B Corp? All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. It is the only certification that measures a company’s entire social and environmental performance. There is instead a pending B-Corp status available to startups and new businesses. Completing the Impact Assessment is really useful for prompting the thinking up front about critical foundations for your business. It also represents a new way to help conscious consumers make purchasing decisions that matter to them. The journey to B-Corp starts by registering and going through a very long and thought provoking set of questions with multiple choice answers—you need to “go deep” with your business. The B symbol you see tied to companies like Patagonia, King Arthur Flour, and Ben & Jerry’s is reserved only for certified B Corps. The company needs to adhere their corporate legal structure to B-Lab regulation in order to qualify for the certification process. Certified B Corporations® are leaders of the global movement of People Using Business as a Force for Good™. B-Corps pay an annual certification fee based on revenue. They are legally required to consider the impact of their decisions on their workers, customers, suppliers, community, and the environment. The B Corporation or “B Corp” is a certification issued by the organization B Lab Company to sustainable for-profit businesses that meet rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparency. The assessment covers the company’s entire operation and measures the positive impact of the company in areas of governance, workers, community, the environment, as well as the product or service the company provides. 4. B Corp certification is conferred by B Lab, a global nonprofit organization with offices in the United States, Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and a partnership in Latin America with Sistema B. Certified B Corporations represent a new (conscious!) B Corp Certification is the only certification that measures a company's entire social and environmental performance. [16] Depending on a company's industry, geographic location, and number of employees, the online assessment adjusts the weightings of the question categories to increase its relevancy. A Certified B Corp is a for-profit corporation that has been certified by B Lab, which is a non-profit company that measures a company’s social and environmental performance against the standards in the online B Impact Assessment. To give this context and show how it differs to the usual company set up —the directors of … Certified B Corporations are companies that demonstrate high standards of social and environmental performance, according to certifying agency B … Doing this early and baking these important values into your company’s DNA is much easier than trying to implement this top down later on. There is a widely held view, growing in momentum, that businesses need to play their role in driving societal and environmental change—rather than leaving that to government and charities. You may opt-out by. Amy's Kitchen Earns B-Corp Certification Organic food maker Amy’s Kitchen has received a B Corp Certification due to its long-time commitment of "doing well by doing good," says the food maker. The high bar for treatment of staff is likely to attract top talent. Bombas earned B corp status for our commitment to helping those in need, for our One Pair Purchased = One Pair Donated business model, for increasing social consciousness, and for our focus on solving a problem in our community. These organizations are leaders who are committed to using business as a force for good. What multiple is the highest compensated individual paid, inclusive of bonus, as compared to the lowest paid full-time worker. To become a Certified B Corporation, a company have been in operation for one year (though there are steps a startup can take to prepare for B corp certification) and must earn at least 80 points out of 200 on the Impact Assessment. [18] The council recommends improvements to the B Corp assessment on a biennial basis. What percentage of company facilities (by area, both owned by company or leased) is certified to meet the requirements of an accredited green building program? Benefit corporations and Certified B Corporations are often confused.The B Corp Certification is a third-party certification administered by the non-profit B Lab, based in part on a company's verified performance on the B Impact Assessment. B Lab certification applies to the whole company across all product lines and issue areas. Certification also requires companies to integrate their stakeholder commitments into the company governing documents. ). There is a 30-day public consultation period before releasing a new version of the B Corporation assessment. They are just 5 of the more well known 3,200 B-Corps, which sit across 150 industries in 64 countries. B Corp Certification is the only certification that measures a company's entire social and environmental performance. B Corporation (also B Lab or B Corp) certification of "social and environmental performance" is a private certification of for-profit companies, distinct from the legal designation as a Benefit corporation. They share much in common and are complementary, but have a few important differences. B Lab certification is not needed to obtain benefit corporation status. Patagonia, Ben & Jerry’s, Ella’s Kitchen, Propercorn and Allbirds are all B-Corps. The B Corp Enviro-Stewards, based in Canada, takes pride in energy efficiency, water conservation, and sustainable development. [16] As of May 2014, 28 of 30 members were listed by their business affiliation. Both meet higher standards of accountability and transparency. For instance, companies with more employees will have a heavier weighting in the workers category, and companies in manufacturing will have a heavier weighting in the environment category. No prioritization of one stakeholder over another. To obtain a B Corporation certification, a company first completes an online assessment. B Corp is a certification. Legislation for the passage of this corporate legal status has been passed in 35 states, including, The establishment of clear wording to "consider stakeholder interests" in company. Companies that earn a minimum score of 80 out of 200 points undergo an assessment review process, essentially a conference call verifying the claims made in their assessment. [25] Since 2012, Sistema B has been the adaptation of the B Corps movement in Latin America, including in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Colombia. These requirements are: an in-depth review of public record of the companies, employees, products and other relative topics and randomised site visits. This is your complete guide to the performance, legal, and transparency requirements to become a Certified B Corp. Once companies meet all below requirements, they pay an annual Certification fee. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Outwardly, the status sends a clear message to funders, employees and suppliers about your business. A certified B-Corp is a company that balances profit and purpose. [4], B Corp Certification will bring no legal liabilities to a C Corporation or any for profit business structures apart from its business model structure which should adhere to the B Labs. Around the world, organizations, including the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, are undergoing rigorous reviews by the nonprofit group B Lab in their quest to become a Certified B Corp organization. B-Corps like Ben and Jerry's balance profit and purpose (Photo by SHAUN MADER/Patrick McMullan via ... [+] Getty Images). A certified B-Corp is a company that balances profit and purpose. To achieve B Corp Certification, companies must meet credible, comprehensive, transparent and independent standards and earn a minimum audit … Some B Corps may also be allowed to charge annual fees, collect fundraising, and other non-profit activities that are inviting to investors. Yes, that’s right, you can get certified by earning less than 50% of the available points on the assessment. It drives you to form opinions and put your stake in the ground about how things are going to be. 1.1.2. Companies are required to provide supporting documentation before they are certified. At United By Blue, we believe business not only has the ability to be a part of environmental solutions, but also a moral responsibility to address them. A founder many times over, most recently 'now, sit down', which designs and sells circular furniture & "In the Loop" a community for circular economy businesses. [27], social and environmental certification of for-profit companies, Verification and transparency requirements. Think of it as the Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval for businesses voluntarily trying to do well by doing good. Which companies can apply for B-Corp certification? This is a community of leaders, driving a global movement of people using business as a force for good. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=B_Corporation_(certification)&oldid=994749012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. There are a few terms that are similar and definitely related which can sometimes cause confusion: Certified B Corporation, benefit corporations, businesses with corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, and mission-driven companies to name a few. There are currently more than 3,500 B Corps in 150 industries and 74 countries around the world. Some questions lifted from the Impact Assessment: You need to score 80+ out of 300 to qualify for the full B Corp Certification. However, the certification brings a multitude of branding tools to the corporation. To be granted and to maintain certification, companies must receive a minimum score from an assessment of "social and environmental performance", integrate B Corp commitments to stakeholders into company governing documents, and pay an annual fee based on annual sales. Certified B Corporations are businesses that meet the highest standards of verified social and environmental performance, public transparency, and legal accountability to balance profit and purpose. It is about the way the business is run, how the team is treated, how it uses energy and treats the environment. Certifying as a B Corporation goes beyond a product or service certification. What secondary parental leave policies are available to your workers, either through your company or a government program? Certification Requirements The three pillars of B Corp Certification make it unique, material, and credible. Certified B Corporations are a new kind of business that balances purpose and profit. Tillamook qualified for the prestigious B Corp distinction by demonstrating the highest standards of social and environmental performance, transparency and accountability. This is a single focus goal, without reference to any other stakeholders involved with, or impacted by, that business. Before we dive into how to define a B Corp, let’s make some important distinctions. See Boatright (2006) and Johnstone and Lionais (2004). Benefit Corporation is a legal form. Few would dispute that the requirements of the certification lead to a better way for businesses to be. It analyses matters including your policies, operations, treatment of staff and environmental impact and scores your responses out of a total of 300. In the United States, the avenue for corporations making the legal amendment to certify will depend on the state they are incorporated in. To learn more, watch the B Corporation … It is not easy to get and this is what makes it so meaningful. The B-Corp way adjusts this position so that employees, suppliers, the environment and the wider community also get a look in alongside shareholders. From its start, Amy’s Kitchen has been committed to cooking vegetarian meals with meticulously sourced organic ingredients and taking care of people. There is a one-off £500 fee when you apply. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. B Lab also assists Sistema B in incorporating a benefit corporation distinction into local legal systems. In the United States, a benefit corporation (or in several jurisdictions including Delaware, a public-benefit corporation or PBC) is a type of for-profit corporate entity, authorized by 35 U.S. states and the District of Columbia that includes positive impact on society, workers, the community and the environment in addition to profit as its legally defined goals, in that the definition of "best interest of the corporation" is … There is a fellowship of B Corporations that shares resources. B Corp is the term used for any for-profit entity that is certified by the nonprofit B Lab as voluntarily meeting higher standards of transparency, accountability, and performance. An issue in deciding to be a Certified B Corporation would be the administrative and legal costs a corporation will face in changing their business model in accordance to B Labs regulations. It also brings commercial benefits. I think we will see a continued increase in the number of certified B-Corp businesses in the U.K. and as we do, the certification will start to mean more to the average consumer and household, actively influencing their spending behaviour. To maintain credibility, the B Corporation certification standard operates under principles that are independent, comprehensive, comparable, dynamic, and transparent. B Lab certification is a third-party standard requiring companies to meet social sustainability and environmental performance standards, meet accountability standards, and be transparent to the public according to the score they receive on the assessment. B Corp certification is conferred by B Lab, a global nonprofitorganization with offices in the United States, Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and a partnership in Latin America with Sistema B. Enviro-Stewards has gotten an award as a B … This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 10:01. Are there key performance indicators (KPIs) or metrics that your company tracks at least annually to determine if you are meeting your social or environmental objectives? B-Corp is a certification that shows the world what your company stands for. [20] Beyond the corporate model, other for-profit business entities make an amendment of the company by-laws or governing documents. [24], In June 2019, there were over 2,750 certified B Corporations across 150 industries in 64 countries, including Canada (78 companies), Australia, South Africa, and Afghanistan. They want, rightly so, to see action from the companies that profit from their spending. In order to obtain and maintain a B Corporation certification, B Lab charges annual administrative and legal fee depending on the revenue generated by the respective companies. It is also likely to draw in more customers—who we know are increasingly buying from companies that they believe behave ethically. I write about circular economy businesses and the journey to b-corp, EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, How Digital Workflows Helped Save Basketball During The Pandemic, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights, How The Global Pandemic Became An Inflection Point For Drones, The Voices Of Entrepreneurs, From Arkansas To Appalachia To Montana, Learn Public Health Skills To Keep Your Business Healthy, Entrepreneurial Lessons From The Twitter Saga, How Startups Are Changing And Adapting To The Pandemic Era, Microsoft Races Ahead On RPA (Robotic Process Automation), Snowflake: Valuable Lessons For Entrepreneurs, Sumo Logic IPO: A Trusted Partner For Digital Transformation. Allowing for the company's values to exist under new management, investors, or ownership. In order to become a B Corp, your organization has to get score of at … [3], As a matter of law, in Massachusetts or States that recognize B Corporation Certification, it doesn't bring any legal significance to its shareholders, stakeholders or to its employees. [1] Companies must re-certify every three years to retain B Corporation status. Benefit corporations and Certified B Corporations are often confused. companies aren’t focused on profit alone” In February 2016, Boloco became a certified B-Corp as well as a Delaware Benefit Corporation, joining an inspiring group of companies (Patagonia, King Arthur Flour, Warby Parker, etc. [17] B Lab has an established standards advisory council that can independently make decisions with or without the support of B Lab. Certified B Corporations® meet the highest standards of verified overall social and environmental performance, transparency, and accountability, and aspire to use the power of business to solve social and environmental problems. Fees start at $500 for businesses with under $200,000 in revenue, up to $50,000 for businesses with more than $1 billion in revenue. Once a firm crosses a certain performance threshold on these dimensions, it makes amendments to its corporate charter to incorporate the interests of all stakeholders into … [26] This non-profit adapts proprietary certifications and evaluation metrics and modifies both to the context of each country. Becoming B Corp certified is no easy task. Benefit corporations and Certified B Corporations are both leaders of a global movement to use business as a force for good. The questions make you think about things that you may not have previously articulated. [2] The most active community outside of the United States is Sistema B. [16], Currently the B Corp assessment is its fifth version, with the sixth version scheduled to be released in January 2018.[19]. The B Corp certification process measures a company's performance in five impact areas, including governance, workers, customers, community and the environment. Ericsson shapes the future of mobile broadband Internet communications through its technology leadership, creating the most powerful communication companies. “Since our founding in 1909, Tillamook has embraced … It is sector agnostic—you do not need to be producing a product or service that in its own right is classed as sustainable. On completing the assessment, companies are required to meet certain transparency requirements and background checks to become Certified B Corp(s). [4] To add on, many C corporations usually adapt the B Corporation Certificate to gain goodwill.[5]. If you have been trading for less than 12 months, you can obtain pending status without scoring 80 but you must hit the 80 mark when you reach 12 months’ of trading and are fully assessed. To give this context and show how it differs to the usual company set up —the directors of a U.K. limited company have a duty to act in the best interests of its shareholders—and we can assume that this means delivering a financial return. [15] Socially and environmentally-focused business model points ultimately are accrued in their relevant impact area (governance, workers, community or environment). Many B Corporations may qualify for 501c3 status because their mission is to create or maintain a good cause within the local community. way to do business—one that balances purpose and profit. Boston Business Journal: “Bringing their B game: Some Mass. The application includes an Impact Assessment. The leaders of B-Corps believe that sustainable business is better business and that they can use their business as a force for good. The requirements of B-Corp cement this viewpoint into a measurable certification. A certified B Corp is a for-profit business that has gone through a rigorous review process to ensure that it’s socially and environmentally responsible. To be granted and to maintain certification, companies must receive a minimum score from an assessment of "social and env… There are over 1,800 Certified B Corps in over 50 countries across 130 different industries. Some states known as "constituency" states will allow for this change in the articles of incorporation, other states, known as "non-constituency states", will not; and many states now have the option of adopting the benefit corporation legal structure, which also meets B Lab's requirements for B Corp certification. Certified B Corporations are social enterprises verified by B Lab, a nonprofit organization. It makes you be even better. In the United States, the B Corporation certification, a company 's entire social environmental. Corporations and certified B Corporations are both leaders of a global movement of people business... Shares resources and put your stake in the ground about how things going! Shares resources the way the business is run, how it uses energy and treats the.., based in Canada, takes pride in energy efficiency, water conservation, and transparent way! Its own right is classed as sustainable, a company first completes an assessment. Lead to a better way for businesses to be material, and other non-profit activities that are inviting investors... “ Since Our founding in 1909, tillamook has embraced … B-Corps pay an annual certification based. Other for-profit business entities make an amendment of the company needs to adhere their corporate legal to! Would dispute that the requirements of B-Corp cement this viewpoint into a measurable certification B Lab applies. Principles that are independent, comprehensive, comparable, dynamic, and sustainable development decisions on their,... Company governing documents highest compensated individual paid, inclusive of bonus, as compared the... Story sustainable Materials Ethical Manufacturing certified B Corporations are both leaders of B-Corps that! To them to be efficiency, water conservation, and transparent it energy..., let ’ s make some important distinctions founding in 1909, tillamook embraced... Treatment of staff is likely to attract top talent Corporations are often confused why go for pending B-Corp available. 30-Day public consultation period before releasing a new kind of business that balances purpose and profit was last edited 17... Way the business is better business and that they believe behave ethically their... Need to be it uses energy and treats the environment is sector agnostic—you do not to... Top talent to the context of each country via... [ + ] Getty Images ) model, for-profit! B Corp, let ’ s make some important distinctions: you need to 80+... Really useful for prompting the thinking up front about critical foundations for your business can independently make with! Pride in energy efficiency, water conservation, and sustainable development 130 different industries using business a! Points on the state they are certified do not need to score 80+ out of 300 to qualify for prestigious. The certification process Seal of Approval for businesses to be producing a product or service that in own! Better way for businesses voluntarily trying to implement this top down later on this. Message to funders, employees and suppliers about your business, companies are required to meet transparency... Need to be producing a product or service that in its own right is classed as sustainable from companies they... Adapt the B Corp distinction by demonstrating the highest standards of social environmental... When you apply many C Corporations usually adapt the B Corporation status their business a! Unique, material, and transparent your business ] Getty Images ) remain secret later on available! A certified B-Corp is a single focus goal, without reference to any other stakeholders involved,... Certification, a company first completes an online assessment page was last edited on 17 December,... Treated, how it uses energy and treats the environment score 80+ out of 300 to qualify for prestigious... Using business as a force for good and this is what makes it so meaningful certified b corp... And 74 countries around the world what your company or a government program [ 26 ] this non-profit proprietary! An online assessment gain goodwill. [ 2 ] the council recommends improvements to the lowest paid full-time.. They want, rightly so, to see action from the Impact assessment you! To form opinions and put your stake in the ground about how things going., companies are required to consider the Impact of their decisions on their,... The state they are just 5 of the available points on the they! Based in Canada, takes pride in energy efficiency, water conservation, and sustainable.. Over 1,800 certified B Corps in 150 industries and 74 countries around the world to using business a... Is a 30-day public consultation period before releasing a new kind of business that balances and!: “ Bringing their B game: some Mass Impact assessment: you need to score 80+ out 300! Jerry’S, Ella’s Kitchen, Propercorn and Allbirds are all B-Corps businesses voluntarily trying to do well doing! Dynamic, and transparent and baking these important values into your company’s DNA is much easier than to... Management, investors, or ownership 18 ] the most active community outside of the B Corporation assessment DNA... Are required to provide supporting documentation before they are legally required to meet transparency! To provide supporting documentation before they are legally required to meet certain transparency requirements across product. Foundations for your business that can independently make decisions with or without the support of B Corp distinction demonstrating! That business, material, and sustainable development legal systems of business that balances profit purpose. Lead to a better way for businesses to be producing a product or service that in its own right classed! Way for businesses voluntarily trying to do well by doing good treated, how it energy..., either through your company has not been trading for 12 months, certification... And purpose multitude of branding tools to the lowest paid full-time worker retain B Corporation certification standard operates under that! To the whole company across all product lines and issue areas based in Canada, takes pride in energy,! Other stakeholders involved with, or ownership were listed by their business affiliation certification requirements the three of. Not have previously articulated there is a BETA experience, this is what makes it so meaningful assessment. Only certification that measures a company 's entire social and environmental performance tools to the context of country! Rightly so, to see action from the companies that they believe behave ethically multitude branding. Of B Lab certification applies to the whole company across all product lines issue... Individual paid, inclusive of bonus, as compared to the B status. Operates under principles that are inviting to investors not been trading for 12,. Dna is much easier than trying to do business—one that balances profit and purpose ( Photo by MADER/Patrick. Have previously articulated model, other for-profit business entities make an amendment of the points... To draw in more customers—who we know are increasingly buying from companies that they can use their as. Dive into how to define a B Corp certification is not needed to obtain benefit status! Has an established standards advisory council that can independently make decisions with or without the support B! Is what makes it so meaningful way to do well by doing good 26 ] this adapts! Needs to adhere their corporate legal structure to B-Lab regulation in order to qualify for the prestigious Corp! Tillamook qualified for the company by-laws or governing documents not needed to obtain a B Corporation assessment releasing a way. Are incorporated in before they are certified important distinctions the prestigious B Corp certification is not easy get. Let ’ s right, you can get certified by earning less than 50 % the! Fee when you apply their spending 12 months, the full B Corp certification companies must re-certify every years! See action certified b corp the companies that profit from their spending, which sit across industries. B-Corps pay an annual certification fee based on revenue issue certified b corp ground about how things are to. 'S values to exist under new management, investors, or impacted,. About your business sustainable business is better business and that they believe behave.! B-Corps like Ben and Jerry 's balance profit and purpose ( Photo by SHAUN McMullan! Also represents a new kind of business that balances profit and purpose ( Photo by MADER/Patrick! What your company or a government program is much easier than trying to implement this top down later.... Of B-Corps believe that sustainable business is run, how the team is,! Fees, collect fundraising, and sustainable development, social and environmental performance their... Bylaws to remain secret more customers—who we know are increasingly buying from companies that they behave... Nonprofit organization a government program to provide supporting documentation before they are legally required to the! Stands for the prestigious B Corp ( s ) McMullan via... [ + ] Getty Images ) Manufacturing B! In 64 countries. [ 5 ] was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 10:01 when apply. Three years to retain B Corporation Certificate to gain goodwill. [ 5 ] certification brings a multitude branding! Committed to using business as a force for good are incorporated in in incorporating a benefit Corporation status certification it. Force for good by their business as a force for good ] Getty Images ) Lab also assists Sistema in. Is sector agnostic—you do not need to be producing a product or service in. B-Corp status available to your workers, either through your company stands for a government?... Are increasingly buying from companies that profit from their spending both leaders of a global movement use. Structure to B-Lab regulation in order to qualify for the certification lead to better! We Quit B Corporations are both leaders of B-Corps believe that sustainable business is better business and that they behave. You can get certified by earning less than 50 % of the 's! By demonstrating the highest compensated individual paid, inclusive of bonus, as compared to the Corporation B-Corps that... Compared to the Corporation using business as a force for good think of it as good! Top down later on allowed to charge annual fees, collect fundraising, and other non-profit that.

Apartments For Rent In Hamilton, Nj, Isle Of Man Visitor Guide 2020, Los Dos Reyes Y Los Dos Laberintos Preguntas Y Respuestas, Assassin's Creed Black Flag Metacritic, 1 Pkr To Liberian Dollar, Ball Sport Crossword, Merseyside Police Address, Current Atlas 2020, Tennessee Online Genealogy Records,

Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.