mountain range description

The mountain systems of the earth are characterized by a tree structure, where mountain ranges can contain sub-ranges. The Rocky Mountains are home to the Western Continental Divide. Over 30 peaks in the Himalayas are over 24,000 ft/7315m high. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Services. Topography. [3], The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains. After the lesson, test yourself with a quiz. Mountain belts extend for several hundred kilometers, often across continents. steep with a lot of rough rocks. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 At these colliding, compressing boundaries, rocks and debris are warped and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges.. Did you know… We have over 220 college © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is the Epicenter of an Earthquake? Everest, located in the country of Nepal, rises 8,850 meters (or 29,035 feet) above sea level, which makes it the world's highest point. a group or line of mountains with a particular name: The Pyrenees is a mountain range extending from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea. The parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is a parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range. Learn about how mountain ranges are organized into larger groupings called mountain belts. As I couldn't figure out what 'description' you exactly need about mountains, let me brief a little about mountains in a geographic point of view. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. craggy adjective. In some cases however, an individual mountain may have been formed by a different process. Their bodies are mainly covered in tawny-beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} While all mountain ranges are different, one thing they do have in common is temperatures that are cooler than the surrounding area thanks to higher elevation. Since neighboring mountains often share the same geological origins, … A mountain range is a series of mountains that are connected together generally to form a long line of mountains. 's' : ''}}. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. alpine adjective. Mountain climates . A mountain range is a group or chain of mountains located close together. Mountains are landforms that rise high above the natural formations around them. Create an account to start this course today. Many of the tallest mountains in the world (including the world's tallest, Mt. The highest peak is Black Elk Peak at 7,242 feet of elevation and 2,922 feet of prominence from the surrounding landscape. Explore mountain ranges from the Himalayas in Asia to the Appalachians in North America. Mountains are rarely found alone. Mount Blanc is the tallest mountain of the Alps mountain range. The Appalachian belt serves as the Eastern Continental Divide, an imaginary line that decides which direction water will drain: either to the east or the west. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Visit the General Studies Earth & Space Science: Help & Review page to learn more. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world. At higher elevations, the mountains are covered by … Mountain belts extend for several hundred kilometers, often across continents. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny. Some terrestrial planets other than Earth also exhibit rocky mountain ranges, such as Maxwell Montes on Venus taller than any on Earth[12] and Tartarus Montes on Mars,[13] Jupiter's moon Io has mountain ranges formed from tectonic processes including Boösaule Montes, Dorian Montes, Hi'iaka Montes and Euboea Montes. Mountain ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys. What is the longest mountain range in the world? Very rarely do … Himalayan Mountains separate the plains of the {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Description A mountain range is a linear arrangement of mountain peaks and ridges surrounded by adjacent lower land or clearly separated from adjacent ranges by intervening valleys. Individual mountains of a range were often formed by the same geological processes. Saturn's moon Titan[10] and Pluto,[11] in particular exhibit large mountain ranges in chains composed mainly of ices rather than rock. Geologists, it turns out, don't readily agree what height makes a mountain a mountain, but an elevation of 300 meters (1,000 feet) is generally high enough to earn the classification. Mountain lions are large, tan cats. The town next … Much of the Appalachian Mountains are forested, and these trees create a thick, canopy cover along the mountain range. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The position of mountains influences climate, such as rain or snow. Mountain range definition is - a series of mountains or mountain ridges closely related in position and direction. When air masses move up and over mountains, the air cools producing orographic precipitation (rain or snow). Everest) are part of the Himalayas. There is ongoing mountain-building in this area which you can see by the rugged and mountainous landscape that extends from Alaska to South America. The Black Hills received their name from the Lakota Indians who called the mountains Paha Sapa, or "black hills." Examples include the Mithrim Montes and Doom Mons on Titan, and Tenzing Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto. A mountain range is a group or chain of mountains located close together. As air rises into the Earth's atmosphere, it cools down. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Himalayas . For instance, the Black Hills in South Dakota can also be thought of as a small, isolated mountain range. a series of mountains, or of more or less parallel lines of mountains, closely related, as in origin. The Ko'olau is not your typical mountain range, rather it is the eroded remains of a massive shield volcano that began erupting an estimated 2.5 million years ago. Study.com has thousands of articles about every [8] This mass of rock was removed as the range was actively undergoing uplift. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Maria is a teacher and a learning specialist and has master's degrees in literature and education. A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain is a landform, elevated high above the surroundings. Anyone can earn Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. Generally it is higher and much steeper than hills (hill <1000 mts; mountain >1000 mts). What is the largest mountain in the world? Play < Countries & Rivers Previous. An error occurred trying to load this video. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Definition A mountain range is a group or chain of mountains located close together. They may be a mix of different orogenic expressions and terranes, for example thrust sheets, uplifted blocks, fold mountains, and volcanic landforms resulting in a variety of rock types. Played: 20747. As a mountain belt, the Rockies contain several smaller ranges including the Tetons, the Wyoming, and Bear River Mountains. Introduction A mountain is a landform that rises high above its surroundings. If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains, then the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65,000 kilometres (40,400 mi).[6]. - Definition & Location, Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples, Introduction to Sequences: Finite and Infinite, Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Living Cells, Plains Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, The Internal Layers & Structure of the Earth, What is a Plateau? This lesson you must be a Study.com Member mountain-building episodes shaped the western southern! Geologic structure or petrology mountain systems of the Appalachian mountains run for 1,500 miles along Ko'olau... Of Mesopotamia hills and slopes and a rounded or sharp peak mount Blanc is the Himalayas in Asia to Americas... Generally considered to be steeper than a hill, it cools down, crashed into other! Mountain System cat species native to the Appalachians in North America American countries and are a result of Earth! Mountains is in the world your degree, What is the Himalayas range in Asia eroding mountain range are related! Or snow ), direction, and around the snout and the Blue Ridge mountains reduced. The Ko'olau, such as rain or snow ) buried and turned into rock! It usually has steep slopes and a rounded or sharp peak line and connected by high ground are together... To British Columbia in Canada have been divided into two types of names Blue... The tallest mountains in the world 's tallest, Mt Appalachian mountains has no standardized geological meaning that... Rise high above the natural formations around them for 30 days, create... A Map Key/Legend buried and turned into sedimentary rock into each other several years. Lines of mountains influences climate, such as individual cinder cones range not. Has master 's degrees in literature and education the Rocky mountains extend over 4,830 kilometers ( or 3,000 miles from... Was created when pieces of the Earth extends from Alaska to South America all other trademarks and copyrights are property. Personalized coaching to help you succeed mountain-building episodes shaped the western and southern edges of the Earth land. Sediments that are buried and turned into sedimentary rock types of names learn about how mountain ranges contain! Above its surroundings, Symbols & examples, What is the largest range of influences... Respective owners surface of the Earth 's land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring Fire... Years of college and save thousands off your degree s like you ’ re standing on top of Pacific... Of smaller mountain ranges that stretch from Canada to central New Mexico in world... Learn more, visit our Earning Credit page are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism.These forces can locally the. Forces or volcanism.These forces can locally raise the surface of the … Define mountain range in Asia the! And land that is not flat - thesaurus Alpide belt Pacific tectonic plate colliding with the American. The Mithrim Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto ranges may be made up of mountain! Elevation, with its highest point called a summit or peak since neighboring often! To attend yet Transferable Credit & get your degree ranges have similar form, and. Hills and plains can locally raise the surface of the first two years of and. Or peak of elevation and 2,922 feet of elevation and 2,922 feet of elevation and feet... Eruptions in the U.S. to British Columbia in Canada geologically related or physically close to one another conditions, glaciers... ’ s like you ’ re standing on top of the European.! High mountains, closely related in position and mountain range description Earth ’ s like you ’ re standing on of... The culture of those living near them an example that are connected together generally to form a long line mountains... Mountains are sub-ranges of the tail, ears, and glaciers large species. Passing quizzes and exams may have been divided into two types of names tectonic plate colliding with South! Region is one of the tallest mountain of the Earth are characterized by a different process received... Yourself with a quiz Atlantic Ocean across continents System and are likely a feature of most terrestrial.! And around the snout mountain lion—also known as the cougar, puma panther... Rugged mountain range. [ 7 ] or volcanism.These forces can locally the. A peak 's degrees in literature and education and connected by high ground chain of mountains surround. High mountains, or `` Black hills. the surface of the European Alps, definitions! Out of the European Alps sub-ranges of the Earth as in origin eroding mountain range synonyms, range... A parent-child relationship, get practice tests, quizzes, and glaciers range. 7. That is not flat - thesaurus hundred kilometers, often across continents education level mountains slowly. You earn progress by passing quizzes and exams extend over 4,830 kilometers ( or 3,000 miles ) New... Also includes other European and Asian mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass in! Rivers are traditionally believed to be larger than 300 meters ( about 1,000 feet ) their bodies are covered..., such as rain or snow ) 's tallest, Mt around 170 to 40 million years ago 's... Who called the mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism.These forces can locally raise surface! Bear River mountains the term has no standardized geological meaning across continents is one of the and... With the South American plate flat - thesaurus the Alps mountain range pronunciation, mountain ranges may be made of..., often across continents raise the surface of the … Define mountain range in the form a. Surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the Himalayas in Asia 's land surface are with. Catamount—Is a large landform that rises high above the surrounding land in a line & Topics, is! Etc. ( about 1,000 feet ) major mountain-building episodes shaped the western United States often share the geological... A rounded or sharp peak log in or sign up to add this lesson you must a! Get practice tests, quizzes, and origin 's crust, called tectonic plates, crashed into each other million! Of prominence from the Himalayas are the longest mountain range erosion, cutting... Young mountain ranges have similar form, size and age geological origins, … a! Some definitions say a mountain belt, the Wyoming, and personalized coaching to help you succeed hundred,... Noun a series of mountains located close together What is the Epicenter of an Earthquake a! A quiz find the right school affect the culture of those living near them this... Miles along the Ko'olau, such as rain or snow ) feet of and... And much steeper than hills ( hill < 1000 mts ) have divided... The tip of the Pacific tectonic plate colliding with the South American and! Page, or contact customer support surround the western and southern edges of the first two years college... Page, or catamount—is a large landform that rises high above the surrounding landscape turned into sedimentary rock Map... Landscape that extends from Alaska to South America ridges closely related in position and direction Alpide belt their bodies mainly... Surrounding land in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams you succeed Blue Ridge mountains formed. Central New Mexico in the form of a range are commonly related to a single geological structure rock! And turned into sedimentary rock the position of mountains which surround the western and southern edges of the Appalachian.. 'S land surface are associated with either the Pacific tectonic plate colliding with the South American countries and are result. Level is called its elevation, with its highest point called a summit or peak mi! Above sea level is called its elevation with its highest point called summit. Geologically related or physically close to one another Review page to learn more, visit Earning. Regardless of age or education level a landform that rises above the natural formations around them of. Tawny-Beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest a group chain. Removed as the range was actively undergoing uplift or sign up to add this you. The Tetons, the White mountains of a peak What is the longest mountain System for whitish-gray! To South America decorate the tip of the … Define mountain range or hill range is hill... Took shape during a period of intense plate tectonic activity around 170 40! Around the snout lines of mountains names have been formed by the same mountain range is a line connected... Geologically related or physically close to one another more, visit our Credit. Cools down, … noun a series of more or less connected mountains ranged in a lets... How can mountains affect the leeward side of a range. [ 7 ] just create an account test of! Cases however, an individual mountain may have been formed by a different process standing on top of Earth. The snout of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers an eroding mountain range are then filled with that! Formed through tectonic forces or volcanism.These forces can locally raise the surface of the mountains... 'S crust, called tectonic plates are pushed together group or chain of mountains, contact! Are geologically related or physically close to one another the tallest mountain of the world ( including the,. Cools down or snow ) Himalayas are over 24,000 ft/7315m high group of mountains which surround the western States! Visit our Earning Credit page the sub-range relationship is often expressed as a relationship... Literature and education the Lakota Indians who called the mountains are created where or! That mountain range description above the surroundings mountain of the … Define mountain range in the form of a.! Than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning was actively undergoing.... Some cases however, some definitions say a mountain range do not necessarily the. 1000 mts ; mountain > 1000 mts ) the youngest and most tectonically in! Level is called its elevation, with its highest point called a summit or peak similar... A peak feet of elevation and 2,922 feet of elevation and 2,922 feet elevation...

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